What is Island Onion? What are its features?

Island Onion: Nature’s Healing Treasure

Island onion, known as Allium ursinum, is a type of plant that grows naturally especially in temperate forest areas of Europe. This plant, which is generally found in the Black Sea region of Turkey, is known for its leaves and white flowers that bloom in spring. Evaluated for its use in both cuisine and alternative medicine, island onion is a member of the Allium genus and is related to garlic and onion.

Characteristics of Island Onion

  1. Botanical Properties:
    • Island onion is a perennial plant that can grow 20-50 cm tall.
    • It has broad, round-tipped, bright green leaves. The leaves have a slight garlic scent.
    • In spring, white, star-shaped flowers bloom at the end of a long stem.
    • The plant prefers moist and shady forest areas.
  2. Usage areas:
    • Cuisine: The leaves of the island onion are used to add flavor to salads, soups and stews. Its slightly garlicky taste provides a distinct aroma to many dishes.
    • Alternative Medicine: Island onion is a medicinal plant that is thought to have positive effects especially on the digestive system and cardiovascular health. It is stated that it helps regulate blood circulation and has detoxification properties.
  3. Growing Conditions:
    • Island onion loves shade and moist soil. Therefore, it should be grown in gardens to mimic its natural environment.
    • The plant rests underground in the form of a bulb during the winter months and begins to grow again in the spring.
  4. Health Benefits:
    • Island onion has antioxidant, antimicrobial and antihypertensive properties.
    • It contributes to the protection of general health thanks to its digestive system regulating and immune system strengthening effects.
    • It is also thought to help keep blood sugar and cholesterol balanced.
  5. Collection and Storage:
    • When island onion is collected from nature, care should be taken as it should not be mixed with other poisonous plants. When collecting leaves, it is important to be confident in identifying the plant.
    • Fresh leaves should be collected when used and stored in an air-permeable bag in the refrigerator.


Island onion is a great option for those who want to discover natural flavors and health benefits. If you want to add a different taste to your food and support your health naturally, you can include island onion in your cuisine. However, if you are inexperienced in collecting from nature, prefer to purchase from reliable sources to avoid the risk of mixing it with poisonous plants.

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