What İs Prayer, When And Why İs İt Performed?

Prayer is considered one of the most important ways to worship Allah and get closer to Him in Islam. Prayer, one of the five basic pillars of Islam, is an act of worship that Muslims perform regularly in their daily lives. This sacred practice involves prayers and the recitation of Quranic verses along with physical movements and has a central place in the spiritual world of Muslims.


Definition and Importance of Prayer

Prayer is derived from the Arabic word “salah” and means “communication”, “connection”. Prayer is a form of worship in which Muslims communicate with Allah, thank Him, and ask for help and guidance. It is also a moment when a Muslim breaks away from worldly affairs at regular intervals throughout the day and experiences spiritual purification.

Times of Prayer

Prayer is performed at certain times during the day, and these times are determined according to the position of the sun:

  1. Imsak/Fajr (Morning Prayer): It is the time when the dawn begins to break, before the sun rises.
  2. Noon Prayer: It is performed when the sun starts to bend from the zenith (peak point).
  3. Afternoon Prayer: It is performed after the noon prayer and before the evening prayer.
  4. Evening (Maghrib) Prayer: It is performed immediately after sunset.
  5. Isha (Isha) Prayer: It starts at dusk and can be performed until midnight.

Reasons and Benefits of Performing Prayer

  1. Demonstrating Obedience to Allah: Prayer is an indication of a Muslim’s devotion and obedience to Allah.
  2. Spiritual Purification and Peace: Regular prayer allows the person to purify himself from negative thoughts and behaviors during the day and helps him achieve spiritual peace.
  3. Self-Assessment: Prayer is an opportunity for the individual to take stock of himself, learn from his mistakes, and take steps towards self-improvement.
  4. Social Unity and Solidarity: Prayers performed in congregation reinforce unity and solidarity among Muslims.
  5. Regular Life Discipline: Prayer enables Muslims to establish a regular rhythm in their daily lives and contributes to a disciplined life.

Prayer is an integral part of the Islamic religion and is more than just a form of worship for Muslims, it is a reflection of daily life and a spiritual journey. Every prayer aims to get closer to Allah and gain His consent.

What are the Sunnahs of Prayer?

Fard Prayers and Sunnah Prayers

Yes, prayer is one of the obligatory acts of worship in Islam. It is mandatory for Muslims to perform five daily prayers and this prayer constitutes one of the five pillars of Islam. Fard prayers and sunnah prayers are detailed below:

Fard Prayers:

  1. Fajr (Morning) Prayer: It is the first prayer of the day and a total of four rakats are performed, two rakats of sunnah and two rakats of fard.
  2. Noon Prayer: It is the prayer performed in the middle of the day and consists of four rakats of sunnah, four rakats of fard and then two rakats of sunnah, making a total of ten rakats.
  3. Afternoon Prayer: It is performed in the afternoon and consists of four obligatory rakats.
  4. Evening (Maghrib) Prayer: It is the prayer performed at sunset and consists of three rakats of fard and two rakats of sunnah.
  5. Isha (Isha) Prayer: It is performed in the early hours of the night and consists of six rakats in total, four rakats of which are fard and two rakats of sunnah.

Sunnah Prayers:

Sunnah prayers are prayers that were taught and recommended by our Prophet (pbuh), but are not obligatory. Although it is virtuous to perform these prayers, abandoning them is not considered a sin. Some important examples of sunnah prayers are:

  1. Witr Prayer: It is a sunnah prayer performed after the night prayer and is usually performed as three rakats, with at least one rakat.
  2. Tahajjud (Night) Prayer: It is a prayer that is performed after midnight and can be performed any number of times, including at least two rakats.
  3. Duha (Midnight) Prayer: It is a sunnah prayer performed during the period from the rise of the morning sun until noon.
  4. Tevafuk Prayers: These are sunnah prayers performed at certain times each day.
  5. Evvabin Prayer: It is a six-rakat sunnah prayer performed after the evening prayer.

These prayers are part of the daily worship routine of Muslims, enriching their spiritual life and increasing their closeness to Allah. Fard prayers are mandatory prayers that every Muslim must perform, while sunnah prayers are extra prayers performed in order to gain virtue and reward.

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