Who is Álvaro Obregón?

Álvaro Obregón is considered the leader of a periodic transformation in Mexican history. Born in Sonora on February 19, 1880, Obregón became one of the most important figures of the Mexican Revolution. Originally a farmer and garbanzo bean producer, Obregón worked in agriculture before entering politics and military life.

His Life and Military Career

Military Career and Mexican Revolution

Obregón’s military career began during the Mexican Revolution, which broke out in the 1910s. He initially established himself as a staunch supporter of Francisco Madero I, and when the political landscape changed with Madero’s assassination, he joined Venustiano Carranza’s forces. Obregón became particularly known for his tactical acumen and innovative military strategies. His outstanding military leadership abilities in his struggles with other revolutionary leaders such as Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata distinguished him as a war hero.

Post-Revolution Political Career

As President of Mexico

Álvaro Obregón became president of Mexico in 1920, following Carranza’s assassination. During his time as president, he oversaw Mexico’s recovery from 1920 to 1924 and took radical steps to modernize the country. Educational reforms, changes in agricultural policies, and efforts to revitalize the economy were among the major developments highlighted under his administration.

Obregón is known for his reforms, especially in the field of education. He took important steps to strengthen the system of secular and free education throughout the country, thereby trying to transform the social structure of Mexico. He also sought to stabilize the economy by encouraging foreign investment and raised Mexico’s reputation internationally.

Second Presidency and Assassination

Obregón was elected president of Mexico for the second time in 1928, but was assassinated before taking office, on July 17, 1928. This assassination is considered a critical event in Mexican political history and led to long-term political instability in the country. Obregón’s death is seen as a turning point in Mexico’s modern history and profoundly affected the country’s political structure.


Álvaro Obregón’s legacy is evident in social and economic reforms as well as military and political leadership in Mexico. As a charismatic leader, Obregón played a central role in Mexico’s modernization process and spearheaded the country’s transformation in the 20th century. However, his administration has also been subject to criticism for its authoritarian tendencies and methods of suppressing dissent. Although a controversial figure, Álvaro Obregón is remembered as a leader who left an indelible mark on Mexican history.

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