Who is Manuel Ceferino Oribe?

Manuel Ceferino Oribe (b. 26 August 1792 – d. 12 November 1857) is an important political figure who went down in history as one of the presidents of Uruguay. He is known for his critical roles in Uruguay’s early political history, particularly in the conflicts between two major political groups. In this article, we will examine Manuel Oribe’s life, political career and his impact on Uruguayan history.

Life of Manuel Ceferino Oribe?

Early Life and Military Career

Manuel Oribe was born in Montevideo in 1792. Starting a military career at a young age, Oribe took part in the Argentine War of Independence and later in the wars between Brazil and Uruguay . Thanks to his military skills, he rose rapidly and held various command positions.

Political Career and Presidency of Uruguay

Elected as President of Uruguay in 1835, Oribe is known for his liberal economic policies and efforts to strengthen the centralist structure of the government. However, his period was marred by civil strife and political turmoil. During his presidency, he became known as the leader of the ‘Blanco’ (Whites) Party , one of the two main parties still active in Uruguay’s political structure.

Separation from Government and Civil War

In 1842, conflicts with the ‘Colorado’ (Red) Party intensified and Oribe was deposed from the presidency. This event triggered a civil conflict known as the Uruguayan Civil War , which lasted from 1842 to 1851. Oribe led the military forces of the Blanco Party during this war and managed to gain control over large parts of the country.

Political Legacy and Final Years

Throughout his political and military career, Manuel Oribe played a decisive role in shaping the political structure of Uruguay. After the end of the civil war, he withdrew from politics and died in Montevideo in 1857. Oribe had a lasting impact on the ‘Blanco Party’ and the laying of its ideological foundations, especially in Uruguay.


Manuel Oribe remained an important figure during a complex and turbulent period in Uruguayan history. The choices he made as a political and military leader are important for both his contributions to Uruguay’s struggle for independence and his role in domestic politics. Even today, the Blanco and Colorado parties in Uruguayan politics reflect the lasting influences of Oribe’s legacy and era.

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